1. How many species of venomous snakes live in North Carolina?

Six: copperhead, cottonmouth, timber rattlesnake, pigmy rattlesnake, eastern diamondback rattlesnake and eastern coral snake. 在北卡罗来纳州也有31种无毒物种,总共37种.

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Copperhead

2. Which is the most dangerous?

虽然东部的珊瑚蛇有非常强大的毒液, it is rare in the state and no bites have been recorded. 东部菱形斑纹响尾蛇有大量的毒液,比木材响尾蛇的毒性更大, pigmy rattlesnake, cottonmouth or copperhead. 然而, it, too, is quite rare. 铜头蛇在北卡罗来纳州被认为是最危险的,因为在该州的许多地区, it is the only venomous snake you are likely to encounter. 与其他有毒物种相比,铜头蛇更可能出现在人类居住地附近, 绝大多数毒蛇咬伤都是由它造成的.

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3. Can a copperhead bite be fatal?

Fortunately, copperhead venom is relatively mild. 被铜头蛇咬伤会很疼,但死于铜头蛇咬伤的情况极其罕见. 如果得到适当的医疗援助,咬伤通常不会造成永久性伤害. 任何毒蛇咬伤都应寻求医疗救助.

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4. What is a pit viper? Do any live in North Carolina?

北卡罗来纳州的六种有毒物种中有五种是蝮蛇. The distinguishing feature is the heat-sensing pit, or indentation, between the eye and nostril on each side of the head. 凹坑正面朝前,用于检测温度差异. 这种蛇的“双目”热感测能力使它们能够在完全黑暗的环境中探测到温血动物的位置,可能还有温血动物的大小. 这种能力主要用于获取食物,就像蛇的毒液一样. 然而, 它还能帮助蛇发现可能捕食或伤害它们的动物的存在. All pit vipers have vertical, elliptical pupils, and most of the scales under the tail are in a single row, although these characteristics can be difficult to observe. 在北卡罗莱纳,东部珊瑚蛇是一种有毒的物种,它不是蝮蛇. 它与31种无毒蛇类有许多共同的特点, which have round pupils, no pit and a double row of scales under the tail.

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5. How can I avoid snakes?

你可以移除它们可能用作藏身之处或猎物可能使用的物品,比如废金属片,以减少它们出现在你家附近的可能性, 董事会, woodpiles and similar debris. 提高地面上的材料可以促进干燥器的储存,并吸引更少的生物. When woodlands and other plant communities are nearby, 消除蛇存在的可能性几乎是不可能的. 学习 to identify the dangerous species in your area, 在进行可能促进接触的活动时要小心.g.,晚上铜头鱼在觅食时,不要光着脚在户外走动).

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6. What’s the correct way to deal with snakebite?

Follow directions given by the Carolinas Poison Center:

  1. Stay calm. Call 911 or Carolinas Poison Center at 1-.
  2. Try to identify the snake by sight only. Look for color, markings and head shape.
  3. Do not try to kill the snake; it could bite again.
  4. Keep the patient calm and immobile (preferably lying down).
  5. 保持受影响的肢体与身体的其他部分处于同一水平.
  6. Do not use a tourniquet.
  7. Do not cut the wound.
  8. Do not try to suck out the venom.
  9. Do not pack the wound in ice.
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7. Where are snakes found?

海岸平原(36)的蛇种类比山前平原(29)或山地(21)的蛇种类多。. In most habitats, 无毒蛇的种类和个体数量都远远超过毒蛇. 一种或多种蛇可能出现在大多数没有精心修剪的自然栖息地. 沿着河流走廊的河岸栖息地可能是蛇种类最多的地方.

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8. What do snakes eat, and how often?

Snake diets vary widely depending on the species. 一些更喜欢温血的猎物,主要吃啮齿动物和鸟类, while others prefer amphibians, other reptiles, 鱼, 昆虫, 蜘蛛, earthworms, slugs and a variety of other invertebrates. 大多数蛇每周吃一次到一个月吃一次,这取决于食物的大小和可获得性.

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9. There is a snakeskin shed in my attic; what should I do?

在北卡罗来纳州,这条蛇极有可能是一条鼠蛇. 这个物种是一个优秀的攀岩者,是自然科学博物馆收到的大多数“内部蛇”呼叫的原因. If you need to verify the identification, collect as much of the shed as possible, 把它放在一个保护性的容器里,然后送到科学中心或自然历史博物馆进行鉴定. 博物馆将会确定这个小屋,或者会帮助你在你的区域找到可以帮助你的人. 蛇一旦蜕皮,通常会去觅食. If a shed is dry, chances are the snake is not present. 蜕皮的蛇通常比蜕皮的蛇长25%左右.g., a 5-foot shed would be from a 4-foot snake).

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10. How often do snakes shed their skin?

Most snakes shed three or more times each year. They usually shed shortly after emerging in the spring. 在此之后,蛇蜕须与蛇的生长速度和健康状况相适应. 有皮肤感染或受伤的蛇可能比正常情况下更容易脱落. 成长中的幼蛇比成熟的老蛇更容易脱毛.

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11. Which snake is the most common in North Carolina?

在北卡罗来纳州最常见的蛇很可能是东部蠕虫蛇. 该州最大的记录是330毫米(13英寸). 它通常在被挖出或在移动物体(如原木或覆盖物)时被发现. 鼠蛇和黑蛇也是常见的大型蛇,它们白天活跃,生活在人类经常出没的栖息地.

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Eastern Worm Snake

12. Which is the rarest snake in North Carolina?

东部菱形斑纹响尾蛇具有这种可疑的特征, closely followed by the eastern coral snake. Both are on N.C.’s endangered species list.

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13. Which threatened or endangered snakes live in North Carolina?

栖息地的丧失和数量的减少导致两种毒蛇在N.C.’s endangered species list in 2001. 另外两种有毒的和四种无毒的被分类为N.C. “species of Special Concern” for the same reasons. 这些规定使得在没有许可证的情况下收集蛇是非法的. 只有当它们对健康和安全构成明显和紧迫的威胁时,才允许杀害它们. 所有的动植物都受国家公园和州立公园的保护, as well as in some other nature preserves and sanctuaries.

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14. Are snakes protected by law?

北卡罗来纳州37种蛇中有8种受到该州濒危野生动物法的保护:

  • Endangered: Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake, Eastern Coral Snake
  • Theatened: Timber Rattlesnake, Pigmy Rattlesnake, Southern Hognose Snake, Pine Snake, Carolina Water Snake, Outer Banks Kingsnake
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15. What’s good about snakes?

Some eat rats and mice that damage crops and property, and carry diseases; all are important parts of their ecosystems. 一些也有美丽的颜色和标记,许多帮助人们了解自然世界. 蛇毒已被用于各种医疗用途. In some parts of the world, snakes are considered valuable food items, 昂贵的皮革制品和神话般的生物.

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